President Lungu wants the Litunga to rule Barotseland like a brutal dictator – BRE insider

20 August 2018
FILE: Lubosi Imwiko II, King of Barotseland with his Counterpart, President Edgar Chagwa Lungu of Zambia.


A Barotse Royal Establishment (BRE) insider in the ongoing dialogue preparations has revealed that President Lungu wants the Litunga to use arbitrary powers to enforce the government agenda over Barotseland, promising him increased military protection against any possible uprising!

According to the BRE insider, Lungu is very frustrated that it is not easy to carry out his unpopular plans over the region because of its style of governance which places a lot of powers in the people!

“The president insists that the Litunga, as King, should be able to simply issue decrees and the people must be made to obey his decrees,” said the insider close to the on-going preparations for the proposed dialogue now slated for September.

“The president keeps saying that the Litunga is the only government recognized authority in Barotseland and no one else should matter in this case!”

However, this is in direct contravention of the age-old democratic Barotse governance structures which even the now-defunct Barotseland Agreement of 1964 respected by upholding the fact that the Litunga, as the principal authority in Barotseland, could only act after consultations with his Council.

Article 4 of the Barotseland Agreement 1964 on THE LITUNGA AND HIS COUNCIL, sections (2) and (3), and elsewhere in the 1964 document, stands very clear in its emphasis on involving the people in Barotse governance through the Council as can be seen below:

(2) “The Litunga of Barotseland, ACTING AFTER CONSULTATION with his COUNCIL as constituted for the time being under the Customary Law of Barotseland, shall be the PRINCIPAL local AUTHORITY for the GOVERNMENT and ADMINISTRATION of Barotseland.”

(3) “The Litunga of Barotseland, ACTING AFTER CONSULTATION with his COUNCIL, shall be AUTHORIZED and EMPOWERED to make laws for Barotseland…” END.

These clauses, and others in the 1964 agreement stressed the importance of the people through the Council in line with the spirit of the known age-old governance of Barotseland, in which the Litunga must always act only after consultations with his Council.

These limitations in the 1964 agreement are a clear testament that the Litunga of Barotseland is a ‘limited type’ monarch like the British monarchy where the Queen does not excise arbitral powers but acts only after consultations with British citizens through institutionalized structures.

But according to the insider, the President is frustrated by this fundamental tenet of Barotse governance which places a premium on the people as it entails that the Litunga of Barotseland cannot make decisions on behalf of Barotseland, but must always act only after consulting the people through the Council!

“This is frustrating because they can’t just deal with the Litunga but also have to deal with the people, and they know that the people of Barotseland currently want total independence as unanimously decided at the last 2012 Barotse National Council, and not this government plan to keep Barotseland enslaved to Zambia,” stressed the insider.

So, accordingly, the plan is to change this concept of government in order to make the Litunga as the only authority in Barotseland, and that he should rule the territory by decree as a totalitarian King, like Mswati of Swaziland (now eSwatini) and that the government forces will help deal ruthlessly with anyone who will dare to oppose the Litunga’s decrees.

“In fact they want the Litunga to sign the proposed agreement without any regard for what the popular will of the people is, and they, in return, will give him State protection through the police and army, making sure that whoever will talk of Barotseland independence thereafter is dealt with severely!”

It is further planned that for now, money and lucrative promises be used to lure indunas at all kutas, with the usual promises of permanent salaries so that they can endorse the proposed agreements which will be rubber-stamped by the hand-picked members of the so-called Dialogue Council!

The proposed dialogue failed to take place in June as the majority of the people continue to resist the process.

However, after the agreements have been signed successfully, the only authority which will matter to Zambia is that of the Litunga and the Ngambela. The rest of the promises will not be honored as the government has no money to pay salaries to all Indunas (ministers) at National, Sikiliti (District), Silalo (County) and Village kutas (courts) of Barotseland!

“The plan is that as soon as that meeting is done and the signing is also done in Lusaka this September, with Lubosi having been given those extra powers; at that time he will demand that some targeted people be arrested immediately and those who will rise against the agreements, which President Lungu will also make public as they shake hands, saying that the issue (Barotseland issue) is now settled and no more talking about it!”

“So, today, as Lubosi heads to Lialui (Lealui) for Kufuluhele (return voyage after Kuomboka), he will have a meeting or soon to be called by Ngambela Mwenda, and just after that they will head to Lusaka and finish their program there” warned the BRE insider, advising further that if the Barotse people wished to save their country from the coming dictatorship, never before experienced in Barotseland, time was now or never as the President of Zambia has promised to assign his army to protect the Litunga from any opposition.

“The government grand plan is to make Lozi people regret ever calling for the restoration of the Barotseland agreement because now the government will use their own Litunga to ruthlessly deal with them!”

The people of Barotseland (Western Province) where the Litunga has a direct rule, will be made to see that they were better-off ruled directly from Lusaka by a ‘President’ and not a ruthless ‘King’!

Meanwhile, hired Barotse elites like Mutungulu Wanga of MOREBA, Nyambe Namushi and Chazele Mulasikwanda of BFM, have continued to lobby support for the dialogue among the Barotse activist movements, with Chazele last week calling on the government to deal with those activists who are still opposed to the forthcoming dialogue.

Chazele Mulasikwanda is quoted by the Daily Nation News Paper on 17th August, urging the government to ban people from talking about the Barotseland Agreement of 1964 in a manner that will jeopardize the formation of the so-called Dialogue Council.

Mr. Mulasikwanda also pledged his Barotse Freedom Movement (BFM) support for the processes spearheaded by the BRE and the Government of the Republic of Zambia.

However, what Mulaskwanda does not know is that they too will be abandoned after using them to achieve the Zambian agenda.

“Like Nalumino Mundia and the Wina brothers of UNIP, who were used to support the 1964 agreement and its abrogation in 1969, the BFM and their MOREBA counterparts are simply being used to show that Barotse activists have been consulted in this process and thereafter dumped when Zambia has achieved its real agenda!” cautioned the insider.

The Linyungandambo Movement and their aligned youth/Women’s Leagues and the Barotseland National Youth League (BNYL); The Barotse National Freedom Alliance (BNFA) and their youth aligned Barotse Imilema (BI) and the general population have continued to reject any dialogue on the defunct 1964 agreement, preferring instead to stick to the resolution of the last supreme Barotse National Council of 2012 which unanimously voted for Barotseland’s total independence from Zambia.

However, with the participation of Mutungulu Wanga of MOREBA, Nyambe Namushi and Chazele of BFM, and a few other co-opted individual activists and Zambian parliamentarians, the process will be declared consultative enough.

The Afumba Mombotwa constituted Barotseland transitional government has, however, warned that any outcomes of any processes not mandated by the people through the 2012 BNC will be ignored as inconsequential because in Barotseland sovereignty belonged to the people!

Responding to a media query, the RGB/BTG said that time for Zambia’s administration in Barotseland had long expired as Barotseland had already declared its independence from Zambia in 2012, and Barotseland would now use any means necessary to actualize its independence from Zambia.

They warned that even if the Zambian government signed any agreements with the Litunga, they would be ignored as long as they were not sanctioned by the Barotse National Council.

  • Social network:

Leve Your Comment

You are free to comment here below in accordance to our Comments Policy here

Once you have posted your comment, rest assured that it will be published, even if you don’t see it immediately, as the Comments Cache system needs to refresh and reload before your comment could become visible.

Thank you for your continued interest in our stories!



Comment Item

  • TC TC Monday, 20 August 2018

    barotse kiyaluna so you say, if i may ask, in this barotse of yours is it that only one tribe will be supreme?do other tribes stand a chance at high positions? so far only one tribe is in the forefront of everything what are your plans on the other tribes that are in the so called barotse? what are your plans on the present day copper-belt? and the Bember already there, i ask coz i know you guys hate bembers with a partion you have tongas in your barotse, where do you plan on taking them? coz from the look of things you want total control over everything and everybody, to make matters worse you are a minority don't you ever think that once you start this nose you might fuel a genocide? do not take things for granted we dont want another Rwanda in zambia,barotse whatever country you call it, do not play with peoples emotions, some of you fueling this are just selfish people hungry for power once confusion erupt you have enough money to move your families out of the country and leave the fight to poor ignorant fools you are in sighting

  • Mukela Mukela Monday, 20 August 2018

    You need to acquaint yourself with the subject matter before exposing your ignorance publicly.
    Barotseland is a geographical territory and not a tribal enclave.
    Barotseland as a country has over 35 ethnicity or tribal groupings all termed collectively as Barotse, Malozi or Lozi. This why you probably think is dominated by one tribe because you were lied to all your life into believing that Lozi is a tribe.
    No! Lozi is nationality whose common language (lingua franca) is also called Lozi or siLozi.
    However, all those that fall within the geographical territories of Barotseland are Lozi with equal human rights as propagated by international and according to the nationals of the kingdom of Barotseland.
    Copper-belt is not within the currently on-going Barotseland CLAIM, but if for argument sake it was, then those Bembas within the territories would also be Lozi or Barotse accordingly. They would also enjoy the same equal rights as all other Lozi citizens. However, Copper-belt is not part of the Kingdom of Barotseland under the current CLAIM!
    GENOCIDE! But why would Zambia want to fight with Barotse people over their own Barotseland?
    If Zambians were to fight Barotse people over their own homeland, which of the two would be the aggressor in this case? Is it Zambia or Barotseland?
    Don’t Barotseland citizens have a right and national duty to defend their territories from both external and internal enemies!
    The Barotseland CLAIM is a valid and legitimate Claim?
    If in doubt, please, refer to what the Law Association of Zambia, LAZ, said here:

  • TC TC Monday, 20 August 2018

    @ mukela ignorance is such a strong word, the main question is that why is it that only you lozi,silozi, kilozi speaking are the only ones spear heading this, why are you so angry? why dot we hear the views of the other tribes,tongas? why are you forcing your will on them have you curried out or have you gathered information to find out how many people want to break off? people are established in different areas part and areas of the country what happens to their assets?
    people are married to different men and women from different tribes and parts of the country wont it bring about more confusion than you anticipate?
    you find a lozi woman married to a bemba living in chinsali don't you think that will bring confusion and destroy homes? curry out an assessment and find out how many people in you barotse are in support of your cause(democracy) because if a lot of people agree with your call for freedom we would have already seen protest all over barotse but according to my own assessment you are just a few individuals hungry for power full of hate and want to divide and destroy
    am married to a lozi woman lovely woman am established in the the current southern province do you think i would just let go of assets without a fight? i would rather die and i would kill without thinking twice if someone messes with my family and livelihood

    all am saying you may have a genuine issue at hand but how you are taking it is wrong you want to threaten more than 65 languages and yet you are a minority and if they rise up against you do you think you stand a chance?don't just look at what you want but also look at consequences for your action what plan do you have if it back fires

    don't just look at what the documents says look at what the majority of people want or if not amicably handled you will have a blood bath, mark my words

  • Mukela Mukela Monday, 20 August 2018

    Your legally married wife and your legally acquired assets are yours and Barotseland’s independence does not and will not change that for you or anyone else. Therefore, you will not lose your legally acquired property, investment or your legally constituted family (although you may have to formally register your marriage under Barotseland laws if you choose to acquire Barotseland citizenship) etc.
    If you logically think about it, even now we have Zambians married to Zimbabweans, Malawians, British, Americans etc, and their marriages do not destabilize the national sovereignties of these countries or vice versa. Similarly, Barotseland’s national independence will not necessarily disinherit you of your legally constituted family or legally acquired assets.
    These are yours as long as you acquired them legally in terms of the laws of Zambia or Barotseland.
    Secondly, citizens of Zambia are called Zambians, although they may be Bemba, Ngoni, Tumbuka, etc by their tribe. Similarly, citizens of Barotseland are called Lozi, although they may be Luyana, Nkoya, Mbunda, Kwanga, Toka, Leya, etc by their tribe. There are as many as 35 tribes/ethnicities in Barotseland – all called Lozi or Barotse.
    So, I don’t know what you mean when you say 'why only Lozis are talking about independence of Barotseland?' As Zambia is for Zambians, so is Barotseland for Lozi or Barotse people! Barotseland’s independence is not a tribal quest but a national pursuit.
    Thirdly, we are talking about Barotseland’s independence today because the Barotse National Council (BNC) of 2012 unanimously voted for Barotseland’s independence from Zambia.
    A Barotse National Council (BNC) in Barotseland is like a national referendum as it seeks to achieve the same purpose - national consensus!
    So, Yes! Sufficient consultations were made and the outcome was unanimous! Nobody is imposing anything on anyone else. It was the unanimous decision of the majority of those who attended the 2012 BNC and as expressed throughout the process before the actual gathering.
    The independence of Barotseland quest came out of the unilateral abrogation of the Barotseland Agreement of 1964 by Zambia. The agreement was the only legal instrument that made Barotseland be a part of Zambia. This agreement was never honored. So, without the agreement, Barotseland can no longer be part of Zambia.
    The Zambian government unilaterally abrogated the agreement in 1969 and rejected repeated calls to implement the agreement> So, the Zambian government is the one responsible for today’s troubles and not the Lozi people. The Lozi are merely victims.
    Finally, the demand for Barotseland independence should not threaten the rest of Zambia because the claim is just for Barotseland and not the rest of Zambia. I hope you know that Zambia, as you know it, was composed of the two separate protectorates of Northern Rhodesia and Barotseland. These two countries have always been separate and were only united by agreements starting from 1911 – 1964, until now.
    More on the BNC, see

The Barotseland Post, also known as The Barotsepost, is an online media platform, for now, that is dedicated to reporting stories and news around Barotseland and beyond, giving exclusive coverage and access to the people and the nation of Barotseland to fully express themselves in their aspirations for self- determination.